Salt Tolerant Trees

Salt Tolerant Trees FOR SALE

Special measures need to be taken when landscaping with trees in locations where excessive amounts of salt represent an environmental problem. High levels of salts in soil, in runoff or irrigation water, as well as airborne salt spray can impact the growth and health of trees and shrubs. If any one of these conditions exist at a particular site, landscape planning should take into consideration the selection of plants which are known to have salt tolerance. With respect to salts in water and soil, the excessive quantities of salt are absorbed by the plant through water uptake, and have a negative impact on plant metabolism. Salts borne by ocean spray can extend inland some distance, wetting the leaves of plants; the water evaporates leaving behind a film of salts which interfere with plant respiration and the production of chlorophyll. Plants that can grow well in salty habitats are designed as halophytes, but they are relatively few in number and mostly grasses. In seaside locations where rainfall is regular, the salt spray accumulations are washed off the leaves; sensitive trees can be planted on the lee side of structures or windbreaks so they are protected from direct exposure to salty sea winds. Molecular biology studies of salt tolerance have revealed that it is a complex genetic trait, governed by multiple genes working in combination; this factor makes plant breeding for salt tolerance a huge challenge. Treeworld has gathered information on the reported salt tolerance of trees and shrubs in their inventory and listed it in the species description as low, medium or high, with some designated as medium to high. Information about this subject is less available than on drought tolerance, and in certain instances the salt tolerance of a plant is simply unknown. Around 70 trees in the Treeworld inventory are considered to be salt tolerant. Among these are the Buttonwoods (Conocarpus spp.); the Stoppers (Eugenia spp.); native Florida palms (Coccothrinax, Leucothrinax, Pseudophoenix, Serenoa); the Coccolobas and almost all native Florida trees which occur in hummocks. Another 70 or so Treeworld trees have moderate salt tolerance. Examples are Orchid Trees (Bauhinia spp.); Strong Bark (Bourreria succulenta); the Cassias (Cassia spp.); Loreto and Blackbead trees (Pithecellobium spp.) and species of Zanthoxylum.

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Scientific NameCommon NameColorSizeFormLeaderHeightSpreadTrunk DiameterSalt ToleranceDrought Tolerance
a
Acacia farnesiana (syn. Vachellia farnesiana) 65 Gal Sweet Acacia, Needle Bush
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' + 6' - 8' 3' HIGH HIGH
Acacia seyal (syn. Vachellia seyal) 25 Gal Red Acacia
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' 5' 1 1/2" HIGH HIGH
Acacia tortuosa (syn. Vachellia tortuosa) 50 Gal Poponax, Twisted Acacia
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' - 8' 2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Acacia xanthophloea (syn. Vachellia xanthophloea) 25 Gal Fever Tree
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' 5' 1 1/2" HIGH HIGH
Ardisia escallonioides (bush) 25 Gal Marlberry
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 6' - 8' 4' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Ardisia escallonioides (bush) 50 Gal Marlberry
50 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 10' - 12' 5' - 6' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Azadirachta indica 50 Gal Neem Tree
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' 2' HIGH HIGH
b
Bulnesia arborea 100 Gal Verawood Tree, Maracaibo Lignum-Vitae
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 8' - 10' 3' - 3 1/2' MODERATE TO HIGH HIGH
Bulnesia arborea 50 Gal Verawood Tree, Maracaibo Lignum-Vitae
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' 6' - 7' 2' MODERATE TO HIGH HIGH
Byrsonima lucida 25 Gal Locust Berry
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 5' - 6' 5' - 6' BUSH HIGH HIGH
c
Caesalpinia mexicana 25 Gal Mexican Holdback
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 7' 5'+ 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Calophyllum brasiliensis 100 Gal Brazil Beautyleaf
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 16' + 8' 3' - 4" HIGH HIGH
Calophyllum brasiliensis 50 Gal Brazil Beautyleaf
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 6' - 8' 2 1/2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Ceiba pentandra 300 Gal Kapok, Silk-Cotton Tree
300 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 20'+ 10'+ 10'+ HIGH HIGH
Clusia guttifera (bush) 100 Gal Small Leaf Clusia, Autograph Tree
100 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 14' - 16' 8' - 10' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Clusia guttifera 50 Gal Small Leaf Clusia, Autograph Tree
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 6' - 8' 2 1/2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Clusia guttifera 65 Gal Small Leaf Clusia, Autograph Tree
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12'+ 6' - 8' 3' - 4' HIGH HIGH
Clusia rosea 100 Gal Pitch Apple, Autograph Tree
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 8'+ 3' - 4' HIGH HIGH
Clusia rosea 25 Gal Pitch Apple, Autograph Tree
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 4' - 5' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Clusia rosea 50 Gal Pitch Apple, Autograph Tree
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' - 8' 2 1/2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Cordia sebestena 100 Gal Orange Geiger
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 8' 3' - 4' HIGH HIGH
Cordia sebestena 50 Gal Orange Geiger
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' 2' - 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
e
Eugenia axillaris (bush) 50 Gal White Stopper
50 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 8' 5' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Eugenia axillaris 25 Gal White Stopper
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 4' - 5' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia axillaris 50 Gal White Stopper
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 6' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia confusa 25 Gal Redberry Stopper, Ironwood
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' 5' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia confusa 50 Gal Redberry Stopper, Ironwood
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 6' 2' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia foetida (bush) 100 Gal Spanish Stopper, Boxleaf Stopper
100 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 12'+ 6' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Eugenia foetida (bush) 65 Gal Spanish Stopper, Boxleaf Stopper
65 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 10' - 12' 4' - 5' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Eugenia foetida 100 Gal Spanish Stopper, Boxleaf Stopper
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 6' - 7' 3'+ HIGH HIGH
Eugenia foetida 50 Gal Spanish Stopper, Boxleaf Stopper
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 5' 2 1/2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia rhombea (bush) 50 Gal Red Stopper, Spiceberry
50 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 10' 6' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Eugenia rhombea 25 Gal Red Stopper, Spiceberry
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 8' 4' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia rhombea 50 Gal Red Stopper, Spiceberry
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10'+ 5' - 6' 2' HIGH HIGH
g
Genipa clusiifolia (bush) 25 Gal Seven Year Apple
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 6' 4' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Genipa clusiifolia 25 Gal Seven Year Apple
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 8' 4' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Guaiacum officinale 35 Gal Lignum Vitae
35 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 7' 5' - 6' 2' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum officinale 65 Gal Lignum Vitae
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 9' 6' 2' - 3' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum (bush) 25 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 6' 3' - 4' BUSH HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum 100 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 6' 2 1/2' + HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum 35 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
35 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 7' - 8' 4' 1 1/2' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum 65 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 9' - 10' 5' - 6' 2' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Gymnanthes lucida (Bush) 50 Gal Crabwood, Oysterwood
50 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 8' - 10' 5' - 6' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Gymnanthes lucida 25 Gal Crabwood, Oysterwood
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' 4' - 5' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Gymnanthes lucida 50 Gal Crabwood, Oysterwood
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 4' - 5' 2' HIGH HIGH
h
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis 25 Gal Bottle Palm
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8'+ - - HIGH HIGH
j
Jacquinia keyensis (syn. J. bahamensis) 25 Gal Joewood
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' 3' - 4' 1" - 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
k
Kopsia fruticosa 25 Gal Pink Kopsia
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 8' 5'+ 1 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Krugiodendron ferreum 25 Gal Black Ironwood
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 4' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Krugiodendron ferreum 65 Gal Black Ironwood
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' 6' - 8' 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
l
Leucothrinax morrisii (syn. Thrinax morrisii) 50 Gal Keys Thatch Palm, Florida Thatch Palm
50 Gal SOLITARY TRUNK SINGLE 6' - 8' - - HIGH HIGH
Lysiloma latisiliquum 25 Gal Tamarind Tree, Wild Tamarind
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 5' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Lysiloma latisiliquum 50 Gal Tamarind Tree, Wild Tamarind
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 6' 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Lysiloma sabicu 50 Gal Sabicu, Horseflesh Mahogany
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 6' 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
m
Magnolia grandiflora 50 Gal Bull Bay, Southern Magnolia
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' 2' - 2 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Mastichodendron foetidissimum (syn. Sideroxylon foetidissimum) 100 Gal Mastic, Yellow Mastic
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 6' - 8' 3" - 4' HIGH -
Mastichodendron foetidissimum (syn. Sideroxylon foetidissimum) 50 Gal Mastic, Yellow Mastic
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 6' - 8' 2' - 3' HIGH -
Michelia x alba (syn. Magnolia x alba) 50 gal White Champaca
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10'+ 6' 2' HIGH LOW TO MODERATE
Myrcianthes fragrans (syn. Eugenia simpsonii) (bush) 100 Gal Simpson's Stopper
100 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 12' - 14' 6' - 8' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Myrcianthes fragrans (syn. Eugenia simpsonii) (bush) 65 Gal Simpson's Stopper
65 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 12' 6' - 8' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Myrcianthes fragrans (syn. Eugenia simpsonii) 50 Gal Simpson's Stopper
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 6' 2' HIGH HIGH
n
Noronhia emarginata (bush) 65 Gal Madagascar Olive
65 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 12' - 14' 8' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Noronhia emarginata 50 Gal Madagascar Olive
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' - 8' 2' - 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
p
Parkinsonia aculeata 25 Gal Jerusalem Thorn, Palo Verde
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 6' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Piscidia piscipula 50 Gal Jamaican Dogwood, Florida Fishpoison Tree
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' - 7' 2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Pseudophoenix sargentii 50 Gal Buccaneer Palm, Cherry Palm
50 Gal SINGLE 8' - - HIGH HIGH
r
Randia aculeata (bush) 25 Gal Indigo Berry, White Indigoberry
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 5' - 6' 3' - 4' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Reynosia septentrionalis 15 Gal Darling Plum, Red Ironwood
15 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 8' 3' 1' HIGH HIGH
Rhapis excelsa 50 Gal Lady Palm
50 Gal STANDARD MULTIPLE 6' - 7' - - HIGH -
Rhapis excelsa 65 Gal Lady Palm
65 Gal STANDARD MULTIPLE 8' - - HIGH -
s
Senna polyphylla 50 Gal Desert Cassia
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 5' - 6' 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Senna surattensis 100 Gal Cassia surattensis, Golden senna
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 16'+ 8' - 10' 3' - 4' HIGH MODERATE
Senna surattensis 50 Gal Cassia surattensis, Golden Senna
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' - 8' 2' - 2 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Serenoa repens 50 Gal Silver Saw Palmetto, Saw Palmetto, Palmetto
50 Gal MULTIPLE 3 1/2' - - HIGH MODERATE
Sideroxylon salicifolium (syn. Dipholis salicifolia) 50 Gal Willow Bustic, White Bully
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' 6' 2' HIGH HIGH
Simarouba glauca 100 Gal Paradise Tree, Bitterwood
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 8' - 10' 3' - 5' HIGH MODERATE
Simarouba glauca 50 Gal Paradise Tree, Bitterwood
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' 6' 2 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Spathodea campanulata (red) 100 Gal African Tulip
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 16' 8'+ 4' MODERATE TO HIGH HIGH
Spathodea campanulata (yellow) 100 Gal African Tulip Tree, Fountain Tree
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12'+ 6' 2 1/2' MODERATE TO HIGH HIGH
Stemmadenia litoralis (syn. Tabernaemontana litoralis) 100 Gal Lechoso / Milkyway
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12'+ 6' 2 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Stemmadenia litoralis (syn. Tabernaemontana litoralis) 50 Gal Lechoso / Milkyway
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 5' - 6' 2' - 2 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Suriana maritima (bush) 25 Gal Bay Cedar
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 6' 4' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Swietenia mahagoni 100 Gal Mahogany Tree, West Indies Mahogany
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 16' - 18' 10' 4' - 5" HIGH HIGH
Swietenia mahagoni 200 Gal Mahogany Tree, West Indies Mahogany
200 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 18' + 10' + 5" + HIGH HIGH
Swietenia mahagoni 50 Gal Mahogany Tree, West Indies Mahogany
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 6'+ 3' - 4' HIGH HIGH
t
Tabebuia bahamensis 50 Gal White Tabebuia, Bahamian Trumpet Tree
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' - 7' 2" - 3' HIGH HIGH
Tabebuia chrysantha (syn. Handroanthus chrysanthus) 50 Gal Guayacan, Golden Trumpet Tree
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6'+ 3' HIGH HIGH
Tabebuia donnell-smithii (syn. Roseodendron donnell-smithii) 25 Gal Primavera Tree
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 5' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Tabebuia guayacan (syn. Handroanthus guayacan) 50 Gal Guayacan, Cortez
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' - 8' 2' HIGH HIGH
Tabebuia heterophylla 100 Gal Pink Trumpet Tree
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 16'+ 8' - 10' 4' HIGH HIGH
Tabebuia heterophylla 65 Gal Pink Trumpet Tree
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 6' - 8' 3' - 4' HIGH HIGH
Tecoma stans 25 Gal Yellow Elder
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 4' - 5' 2' HIGH HIGH
Tecoma stans 50 Gal Yellow Elder
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 5' - 6' 2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Terminalia catappa 50 Gal Pacific Almond, Tropical Almond
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6'+ 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Thevetia peruviana (syn. Cascabela thevetia) 25 Gal Lucky Nut, Yellow Oleander
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 5' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Thrinax radiata 50 Gal Florida Thatch Palm
50 Gal SOLITARY PALM SINGLE 6' - 8' - - HIGH HIGH
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