Salt Tolerant Trees

Salt Tolerant Trees FOR SALE

Special measures need to be taken when landscaping with trees in locations where excessive amounts of salt represent an environmental problem. High levels of salts in soil, in runoff or irrigation water, as well as airborne salt spray can impact the growth and health of trees and shrubs. If any one of these conditions exist at a particular site, landscape planning should take into consideration the selection of plants which are known to have salt tolerance. With respect to salts in water and soil, the excessive quantities of salt are absorbed by the plant through water uptake, and have a negative impact on plant metabolism. Salts borne by ocean spray can extend inland some distance, wetting the leaves of plants; the water evaporates leaving behind a film of salts which interfere with plant respiration and the production of chlorophyll. Plants that can grow well in salty habitats are designed as halophytes, but they are relatively few in number and mostly grasses. In seaside locations where rainfall is regular, the salt spray accumulations are washed off the leaves; sensitive trees can be planted on the lee side of structures or windbreaks so they are protected from direct exposure to salty sea winds. Molecular biology studies of salt tolerance have revealed that it is a complex genetic trait, governed by multiple genes working in combination; this factor makes plant breeding for salt tolerance a huge challenge. Treeworld has gathered information on the reported salt tolerance of trees and shrubs in their inventory and listed it in the species description as low, medium or high, with some designated as medium to high. Information about this subject is less available than on drought tolerance, and in certain instances the salt tolerance of a plant is simply unknown. Around 70 trees in the Treeworld inventory are considered to be salt tolerant. Among these are the Buttonwoods (Conocarpus spp.); the Stoppers (Eugenia spp.); native Florida palms (Coccothrinax, Leucothrinax, Pseudophoenix, Serenoa); the Coccolobas and almost all native Florida trees which occur in hummocks. Another 70 or so Treeworld trees have moderate salt tolerance. Examples are Orchid Trees (Bauhinia spp.); Strong Bark (Bourreria succulenta); the Cassias (Cassia spp.); Loreto and Blackbead trees (Pithecellobium spp.) and species of Zanthoxylum.

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Scientific NameCommon NameColorSizeFormLeaderHeightSpreadTrunk DiameterSalt ToleranceDrought Tolerance
e
Eugenia foetida 50 Gal Spanish Stopper, Boxleaf Stopper
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 5' 2 1/2' - 3' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia rhombea (bush) 50 Gal Red Stopper, Spiceberry
50 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 10' 6' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Eugenia rhombea 25 Gal Red Stopper, Spiceberry
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 8' 4' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Eugenia rhombea 50 Gal Red Stopper, Spiceberry
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10'+ 5' - 6' 2' HIGH HIGH
g
Genipa clusiifolia (bush) 25 Gal Seven Year Apple
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 6' 4' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Genipa clusiifolia 25 Gal Seven Year Apple
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 8' 4' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Guaiacum officinale 35 Gal Lignum Vitae
35 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 7' 5' - 6' 2' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum officinale 65 Gal Lignum Vitae
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 9' 6' 2' - 3' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum (bush) 25 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
25 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 6' 3' - 4' BUSH HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum 100 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 6' 2 1/2' + HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum 35 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
35 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 7' - 8' 4' 1 1/2' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Guaiacum sanctum 65 Gal Florida Lignum Vitae, Holywood
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 9' - 10' 5' - 6' 2' HIGH MODERATE TO HIGH
Gymnanthes lucida (Bush) 50 Gal Crabwood, Oysterwood
50 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 8' - 10' 5' - 6' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Gymnanthes lucida 25 Gal Crabwood, Oysterwood
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' 4' - 5' 1 1/2' - 2' HIGH HIGH
Gymnanthes lucida 50 Gal Crabwood, Oysterwood
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 4' - 5' 2' HIGH HIGH
h
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis 25 Gal Bottle Palm
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8'+ - - HIGH HIGH
j
Jacquinia keyensis (syn. J. bahamensis) 25 Gal Joewood
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' 3' - 4' 1" - 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
k
Kopsia fruticosa 25 Gal Pink Kopsia
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 6' - 8' 5'+ 1 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Krugiodendron ferreum 25 Gal Black Ironwood
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 8' - 10' 4' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Krugiodendron ferreum 65 Gal Black Ironwood
65 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' 6' - 8' 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
l
Leucothrinax morrisii (syn. Thrinax morrisii) 50 Gal Keys Thatch Palm, Florida Thatch Palm
50 Gal SOLITARY TRUNK SINGLE 6' - 8' - - HIGH HIGH
Lysiloma latisiliquum 25 Gal Tamarind Tree, Wild Tamarind
25 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10' - 12' 5' 1 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Lysiloma latisiliquum 50 Gal Tamarind Tree, Wild Tamarind
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 6' 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
Lysiloma sabicu 50 Gal Sabicu, Horseflesh Mahogany
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14'+ 6' 2 1/2' HIGH HIGH
m
Magnolia grandiflora 50 Gal Bull Bay, Southern Magnolia
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 12' - 14' 6' 2' - 2 1/2' HIGH MODERATE
Mastichodendron foetidissimum (syn. Sideroxylon foetidissimum) 100 Gal Mastic, Yellow Mastic
100 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 6' - 8' 3" - 4' HIGH -
Mastichodendron foetidissimum (syn. Sideroxylon foetidissimum) 50 Gal Mastic, Yellow Mastic
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 14' - 16' 6' - 8' 2' - 3' HIGH -
Michelia x alba (syn. Magnolia x alba) 50 gal White Champaca
50 Gal STANDARD SINGLE 10'+ 6' 2' HIGH LOW TO MODERATE
Myrcianthes fragrans (syn. Eugenia simpsonii) (bush) 100 Gal Simpson's Stopper
100 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 12' - 14' 6' - 8' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Myrcianthes fragrans (syn. Eugenia simpsonii) (bush) 65 Gal Simpson's Stopper
65 Gal MULTI TRUNK MULTI 12' 6' - 8' BUSH HIGH HIGH
Showing 31 - 60 of 96 items