Bulnesia arborea - also known as Verawood or Maracaibo Lignum-Vitae - is a tree of much of northern South America, in the area of the Guianas of Venezuela, Colombia, and Guyana. Sometimes in the international market it is named as Paraguay lignum vitae since its properties and uses are similar to Guayacan, a tree of the genus Guaiacum.
It grows on the edges of roads, roads and rivers, and in the interior of dry, sub-dry and thorny forests.
The wood of Bulnesia arborea is widely used in civil and naval constructions, turnery, railway sleepers, although it is also an ornamental plant in gardening. Its wood must be used freshly cut, since when it dries it becomes extremely hard and it is no longer usable.
This tree is also used for engravings and when a durable wood is needed. The wood is extracted from
guaiac oil (or guaiacol) for perfume ingredient. Its resin can be obtained with organic solvents, used to make varnish and dark paints.
It is appreciated for its protective properties of human skin with its essence. It gives good charcoal and high quality beams. It ignites easily, and produces a fragrant smoke.
The Burnesia Arborea is listed as an endangered species (EN A2ac) because 60% of the localities where it is registered are found in regions of intense timber extraction, in the departments of Atlántico and La Guajira.