Recurvifolium is a small tree or large shrub typically growing to a height of 6 - 12 feet, but is capable of reaching 20 feet. It commonly has curved multiple trunks and forms a spreading dense crown with a symmetrical, vase-shape and smooth, gray-brown bark. The plant is naturalized in the usa. Leaves are evergreen, dark green, simple, entire, opposite, rounded (hence the popular name recurvifolium) with a sharp terminal point and 2 - 4 inches long. Flowers are white to gray, showy and borne on upright terminal clusters 5 - 8 inches long; blooms are small, about 1/5 inch across, and scented. Flower clusters resemble those of the lilac. Fruits are small, green ripening to black, oval, fleshy berries under 1/2 inch in diameter. Birds eat the fruits; seeds are used for propagation. In east asia, the fruit is used as a herbal medicine. Recurvifolium is a hardy plant, tolerant of a range of well-drained soils, and responds well to pruning. In landscaping, it has several applications. It can be formed into a dense hedge, grown as a specimen or accent shrub or tree in a garden or on a patio, in a civic center,a s well as in a large planter and can be grown as a bonsai or for topiary display. Recurvifolium is a dwarf selection of japanese ligustrum; there are numerous other varieties available.