The banyan tree is a massive tree in terms of height and spread, said to have the largest canopy of any tree in the world. Growing to heights of 100 feet and spreading with massive limbs and prop roots up to 300 feet! The banyan begins life as an epiphyte on a host tree, seeds having been deposited by birds. When banyan aerial roots reach the ground they strike root forming separate but connected trees. Once numerous new trunks are formed, the tree becomes a small forest. The crown of the tree is irregular with dense foliage. Leaves are leathery, ovate, shiny green, smooth above and velvety below, 5 - 10 inches long. Flowers are borne in pairs, yellow in color but inconspicuous, pollinated by speciality wasps. Fruits are cherry-sized, pink to red, globose, downy and edible, containing numerous very small seeds. The fruits attract birds which disperse the tiny seeds. All parts of the plant have a milky latex. In asia banyan has numerous medicinal uses and is considered a sacred tree. Propagation is by seed or cuttings. Banyan will grow on most any soil type, dry to wet. It is best grown as a container plant so its growth can be managed. In the ground it is only practical to cultivate it in a large park or botanical garden. The tree produces a considerable amount of litter.