Wild Lime is a Florida native, small to medium sized tree or large shrub, typically growing to 10 - 20 feet in height and spreading in width to equal its height. It forms a cylindrical, moderate to dense, crown of numerous irregular shaped branches, which bear sharp, hooked spines. The bark is gray and rough. Leaves are bright green, deciduous, compound, alternate with 5 - 9 leaflets, which are oval to elliptical, have a notched tip and wings along the rachis, about 2 inches long. Crushed leaves give a citrus odor, an indication that it is a member of the citrus family. Male and female flowers on separate trees, they are small, inconspicuous, green-white in color, fragrant, are borne in terminal clusters and attract pollinators. The fruit is a fleshy round capsule, shiny, red ripening to black, about 1/2 inch in diameter, containing a single black seed. Birds feed on the fruits and seeds are used for propagation. Leaves and bark can be crushed to make a tart condiment, and to make medicinal tea. The yellow wood (=zanthoxylum) is used to make furniture. Wild lime can be grown in moist sandy or limestone soils with good drainage, and a surface layer of organic matter. Once established it is quite hardy. In landscaping, the appealing foliage and fruits make wild lime a good choice as a specimen or accent plant in seaside gardens and parks, and in a native plant garden. It can be formed into a hedge, grown in a container, and is suited to buffer strips around parking lots or median strips. Wild populations of this tree in florida are endangered.