Yellow Poinciana is unrelated to delonix species, also called poinciana. This tree is also often confused with the similar looking and closely-related copperpod, peltophorum petrocarpum (see separate description). Yellow poinciana is a medium-sized tree typically reaching about 40 feet in height and as wide or wider in spread. It is high branching with upright branches forming an open rounded to umbrella-shaped canopy, and has a slender trunk with thick scaly gray bark. Leaves are semi-deciduous, very lace-like, bright green, alternate, bipinnate and to 18 inches long with 12-20 pairs of primary leaflets each with 20-30 pairs of tiny secondary leaflets. Flowers are arranged in upright whorled clusters with fragrant yellow blooms about 3/4 inch in diameter, which nearly cover the canopy. Fruits are flat, hard, brown, leathery pods, up to 4 inches long, containing 1-3 seeds, used for propagation. Pods persist on the tree for over a year. This tree is a pioneer species and is tolerant of various soil types if well drained. Its delicate foliage and showy flowers make yellow poinciana a popular garden and park specimen and shade tree, in parking lots and along streets. It is also planted for land reclamation.