Ilex cassine is just one of 500 species of holly which occur in temperate to subtropical climatic regions and which are common ornamental shrubs and trees. Dahoon holly is native to the southeastern usa with a natural range extending into the west indies and south america. It can be grown as a small to medium size tree or large shrub. Leaves are evergreen, 6 x 1 1/2 inches, glossy, dull or dark green in color with a few spines at the tip. Flowers are white, four-lobed, and develop into bright red fruits which are round, small 1/3-1/4 inches in diameter and containing 4 seeds; the fruits attract birds. Typically, dahoon holly is grown for its eye catching bright red fruits which contrasts vividly with the glossy green leaves. It is an excellent tree to accent a garden, grow in a conservatory, in bonsai form or as a screening hedge. All hollies respond well to pruning. Dahoon holly grows well in a slightly acidic soils and can be planted in wet sites, being a swamp plant. There are no major pest or disease problems with this plant. Dahoon holly is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Female plants need a nearby male pollinizer plant; bees are common pollinizers. Dahoon holly can be propagated from cuttings or seed, but gender of seed plants will be either male or female and not revealed until sexual maturity.