Joewood is a native florida tree or shrub of small to moderate size reaching a height of 15 feet, with a rounded crown, usually as broad as tall, crooked branches and a stout trunk. It has thin, smooth, gray mottled bark, dappled with lichens. Leaves are light green, simple, alternate, oblanceolate, leathery, thick, shiny and 2 inches long. Flowers are borne in short clusters at branch ends; blooms are small, white to cream colored, 5-petaled, fragrant and semi-showy. Fruits are rounded berries, green-yellow ripening to reddish-orange, about 3/8 inch in diameter, with numerous seeds, which are used for propagation. Joewood can be grown in sandy or limestone soils which are moist but rarely flooded, and with humus at the surface. In landscaping, it has applications as a specimen shrub or pruned to form a small tree, in home gardens and patios, in the ground or in a container, and as a bonsai plant. It is ideal for seaside locations and in a native plant garden. Wild populations of Joewood in Florida are threatened.