Fiddlewood is a small to medium sized tree or shrub native to florida. It typically reaches a height of 15 to 25 feet but can be taller. It has slender arching branches, a dense crown with an oval to irregular shape and produces several trunks. The bark is reddish brown to gray and furrowed with age. Leaves are green, shiny, alternate, simple, entire, spatulate in shape and 4 - 8 inches long. Flowers are borne in showy hanging clusters, numerous blooms are small, white, 5-petaled, about 1/3 inch long, fragrant, with male and female flowers on different plants. Fruits are showy round, fleshy berries, yellow ripening to black, 1/2 inch in diameter, containing multiple seeds. Propagation is by seed. Flowers and fruits attract insects and birds. The plant is used in herbal medicine. Fiddlewood gets its name from the use of wood to make musical instruments. In cultivation, the tree tolerates a range of soil types if well drained. It has landscape applications pruned into a tree, hedge or espalier, as a buffer strip or median plant, and near a deck or patio. It is suited for coastal locations, for reclamation and in a native plant or aroma garden. It is best not planted in groups as the plants may be defoliated by moth caterpillars. Wild populations of fiddlewood in florida are threatened.