Neem is a moderate-sized tree which reaches a height of 40 feet or more. It has a round to oval, spreading crown of wide branches and dense foliage. The dark green, evergreen leaves are opposite, pinnate, 8 - 16 inches long with 20 - 30 leaflets each 1 - 3 1/2 inches long with toothed edges. New leaves are reddish in color. Under severe drought conditions, the tree will lose most of its leaves. Flowers are borne in drooping clusters up to 10 inches long; blooms are white and fragrant, small about 2/5 inch wide. Fruits are smooth, olive-like in shape, green becoming yellow when ripe, about an inch long and suspended on a long stem. Fruits contain 1 - 3 seeds, which are used for propagation. Neem is a tree of great value in semiarid and arid areas because it provides numerous products. New leaves , flowers and fruits are edible; leaves and seed oil have numerous medicinal uses and are also natural insecticides; neem oil is a lubricant; the bark has a high tannin content and the wood is durable. Neem is widely planted worldwide in arid and semiarid area because it is hardy and provides excellent shade. It tolerates a range of well-drained soils. In landscaping, this attractive fragrant tree is ideal for shade in parks and gardens, along the seaside or indoors in a planter.