Slash pine is a familiar conifer in the us southeast, best known as a timber tree but also used in landscaping. This fast-growing tree can reach heights of 60 - 100 feet, spreading to about one-half its height. It has an irregular, pyramidal to oval, open crown of horizontal branches, and gray-brown furrowed scaly bark. Leaves are alternate, simple, needle-like, borne in clusters of 2 - 3, fragrant and typically 4 - 8 inches long. Leaves are replaced throughout the year. Male flowers cylindrical, red to yellow clusters at twig ends; female oval, red to green with a stalk. Fruits are ovoid cones, borne on a stalk, caramel colored with small out-curved spines, 3 - 6 inches long containing numerous seeds. Birds eat the seeds and they are used for propagation. This pine is grown on plantations for lumber. Slash pine grows well in sandy, well-drained soils; its light shade permits underplanting of grass and flowering shrubs or trees. The tree has an aggressive root system, and may experience beetle infestation and rust fungus. In landscaping, it can be grown for land reclamation, as a high screen or windbreak, in highway medians and as an accent or specimen tree in gardens and parks. Needle and cone fall create litter.