Simpson's Stopper is a native Florida small tree or large shrub which can reach a height of 20 feet. It has a spreading many-branched, moderately dense rounded somewhat conical crown and has reddish mottled flaky bark. Simpson was a florida botanist who first described the plant; stopper in the common name apparently comes from the use of a leaf tea taken to stop diarrhea. The leaves are dark green, leathery, opposite/subopposite, simple, entire, elliptical, and 1 - 2 inches long; the upper surface is shiny the lower is dull. Leaves have a fragrance of nutmeg. Flowers are borne as long-stalked clusters, each small bloom with many spreading stamens, and having a gardenia fragrance. Fruits are rounded, fleshy, red, 1/2 inch in diameter, edible and attracts birds. Seeds or cuttings are used for propagation. This stopper grows well in alkaline soils, sand or loam, occasionally wet or dry and tolerates temperatures in the low 20's. A highly ornamental tree or shrub, it is easily pruned and is well suited for difficult locations such as parking lot islands, medians, beneath power lines, it can be planted as a specimen tree or dense hedge in full sun areas.