Crabwood grows in coastal hammocks in south florida, where it is a relatively common tree or shrub in some areas. A small to medium-sized tree, it is typically 10-25 feet tall, has an erect trunk and gray to reddish brown bark flaking off to expose the light brown inner bark. It develops a narrow to roundish crown of oval, smooth, glossy, leathery, entire or toothed, dark-green leaves about 4 inches long, sometimes with gray lichens growing on them. New leaves are reddish colored. Leaves contain an aromatic oil. Flowers are inconspicuous, small, fragrant, yellow-green or reddish; male and female flowers are borne on separate trees; they are wind pollinated, but also attract insects. The fruits also inconspicuous , are small green capsules, 1/2 inch in diameter, turning brown when mature, containing 3 seeds. The tree is propagated from seed. In cultivation, crabwood is moderately hardy and grows well on moist well-drained limestone soils with a top layer of humus. In landscaping, the tree can be an accent tree or specimen tree in a front yard or native plant garden. It can also be grown as a shrub to form a buffer or hedge in parking lots.