Pigeon plum is a small to medium sized tree or shrub, commonly reaching a height of 15 - 25 feet, but can grow taller. It has a symmetrical rounded or vase-shaped dense crown with upright branching, spreading to a width equaling its height and is often multi-trunked. It has a very attractive grayish mottled bark that peels off in broad flakes as it ages. The evergreen leaves are dark green, alternate, simple, entire, oblong to ovate, leathery and about 4 inches long. Flowers are whitish-green, small but abundant borne in 2 - 3 inch long terminal clusters, blooms are about 3/16 inches across. Male and female flowers are borne on separate trees. Fruits on the female trees are borne in clusters and are small, oval to round, about 1/2 inch in diameter, with a thin flesh and single seed. Birds and animals are attracted to the fruits, which are edible but sour; they can be made into juice, jelly and wine. Seeds and cuttings are used for propagation. Pigeon plum will grow on moist well-drained soils and is quite hardy. In landscaping, it is an excellent candidate for narrow areas such as sidewalks, medians, parking lots, shorelines or suitable to provide shade in patios. It requires pruning to shape it into a tree and to control growth. One of its best applications is as a multi-trunk shrub to provide a sturdy privacy hedge. Fruit litter is a problem along walkways.