Satinwood is a native Florida tree or shrub, typically growing to a height of 10 - 25 feet, but can be taller. In tree form it has a straight trunk and rounded crown of moderate density. The bark is gray, hard, slightly fissured, peeling to reveal lighter colored underbark. Leaves are deciduous, dark green, shiny, leathery, oddly pinnate, compound, alternate, overall about 10 inches long and bearing a terminal leaflet; leaflets are ovate to elliptic pointed at apex, about 2 inches long. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants; they are borne as multi-branched terminal clusters, 2 - 4 1/2 inches long. Blooms are tiny, greenish-white and fragrant, attract butterflies and bees. Fruits are small, obovoid capsules, about 1/4 - 1/2 inch in diameter, changing color from green to burgundy, opening at maturity to release a single black seed. Seeds are used for propagation. The bark is chewed as a treatment for a toothache. The light yellow (=zanthoxylum) wood is highly desirable for cabinetmaking, fine furniture and inlays; for that reason the wild strands have been overexploited. Wild populations of this tree in florida are endangered. Satinwood prefers fertile sandy or limestone, well-drained soils, does well in seaside locations and said to be low maintenance. This attractive foliage and fruit tree or hedge has application as an accent or specimen plant in gardens and parks, in roadway medians and parking lots and is ideal for a native plant garden.