Coast Red Milkwood is a medium sized tree and may reach a height of 50 feet or more, depending upon the site. In nature it grows on coastal sand dunes and often has many branches, some gnarled and twisted and an irregular crown. The bark is dark gray, thin, vertically wrinkled; young branches are hairy. Leaves are arranged spirally in tufts at branch ends, and are simple, entire, hard, leathery with rounded tips, blue green in color above and paler below, 1 1/4 - 3 1/2 x 1/2 - 2 inches. Young leaves are light green. Flowers are borne in small bunches of up to 8 in the leaf axils and are creamy white, star-like, 3/8 - 3/4 inch in diameter. Fruits are small and showy, round to oval, 1/2 - 3/4 inch long, orange red when ripe, with a sweet pulp and a single shiny brown to black seed. Fruits are edible, harvested from the wild, and eaten by birds and other animals. Seeds and stem cuttings are used for propagation. The bark is used in traditional medicine. Wood is used in southern africa for construction and boat building. Coast red milkwood grows well in sandy, well-drained soils with adequate watering. This tree is not common in landscaping, despite its attractive foliage and showy fruit. It has applications in larger gardens and parks as an unusual specimen tree. Wild populations in south africa are protected.