White ironwood is a native to florida where its wild populations on rockland hammocks are endangered. It is a moderate-sized tree or large shrub reaching 36 feet in height, a dense, formal triangular crown and reddish brown smooth bark. Leaves are evergreen, shiny dark green, alternate, compound with 3 leaflets (trifoliate); leaflets are spatulate to narrowly obovate, 1 1/2 - 2 inches long. Flowers are small, white, with 5 - 6 petals. Male and female flowers borne in small numbers on separate clusters, 3 - 4 inches long, on the same tree. Fruits also few in numbers, are small, fleshy, ovoid berry, about 1/4 inch, black when ripe, with a sweet agreeable flavor and contain a single seed, used for propagation. Fruits attract birds. The leaves can be used as a soap substitute and the dark brown heartwood is hard, close-grained and very heavy, used in crafts and construction. White ironwood can be grown on a range of well-drained soil types which have a surface humus layer. It is described as low maintenance once established. Cultivation as either a tree or shrub it tolerates pruning well and has applications as an understory, specimen or accent plant in the garden or patio, and in a native plant garden.